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What is Muhurta ?

 


Muhūrta (Sanskrit: मुहूर्त, romanized: muhūrtaṃ) is a Hindu unit of measurement for time along with nimiṣa, kāṣṭhā, and kalā in the Hindu calendar.


In the Brāhmaṇas, muhūrta denotes a division of time: 1/30 of a day, or a period of 48 minutes. The sense "moment" is also common in the Brāhmanạs. In the Rigveda we only find the sense "moment".



Each muhūrta is further divided into 30 Kalā, or Indian minutes (1 Kalā = 1.6 western minutes or 96 Western seconds). Each kalā is further divided into 30 Kāṣṭhā, or Indian seconds (1 Kāṣṭhā ≈ 3.2 Western seconds).


The World Vedic Day is on July 11th according to Hinduism.

No.

Daily period

Name (मुहूर्त)

Translation

Correlate constellation/star (Greek)

Quality, or guṇa (गुण)

1

06:00–06:48 (sunrise)

Rudra (रुद्र)

"Cryer", "Howler"

Unknown

Inauspicious

2

06:48–07:36

Āhi (आहि)

"Serpent"

Lacerta

Inauspicious

3

07:36–08:24

Mitra (मित्र)

"Friend"

Unknown

Auspicious

4

08:24–09:12

Pitṝ (पितृ)

"Father"

Cepheus & Casseiopeia

Inauspicious

5

09:12–10:00

Vasu (वसु)

"Bright"

Delphinus

Auspicious

6

10:00–10:48

Vārāha (वाराह)

"Boar"

Unknown

Auspicious

7

10:48–11:36

Viśvedevā (विश्वेदेवा)

"Heavenly Lights in the Universe"

Unknown

Auspicious

8

11:36–12:24

Vidhi (विधि)

"Insight"

Unknown

Auspicious, except Mondays and Fridays

9

12:24–13:12

Sutamukhī (सतमुखी)

"Goat/Charioteer-Face"

Auriga

Auspicious

10

13:12–14:00

Puruhūta (पुरुहूत)

"Many Offerings"

Unknown (Taurus or Orion?)

Inauspicious

11

14:00–14:48

Vāhinī (वाहिनी)

"Possessed of Chariot"

Unknown (Gemini?)

Inauspicious

12

14:48–15:36

Naktanakarā (नक्तनकरा)

"Night Maker"

Unknown

Inauspicious

13

15:36–16:24

Varuṇa (वरुण)

"All-Enveloping Night Sky"

Unknown

Auspicious

14

16:24–17:12

Aryaman (अर्यमन्)

"Possessed of Nobility"

Unknown

Auspicious, except Sundays

15

17:12–18:00

Bhaga (भग)

"Share"/"Stake"

Unknown

Inauspicious

16

18:00–18:48 (sunset)

Girīśa (गिरीश)

"Lord who lifted the Mount (Krishna)"

Unknown

Auspicious

17

18:48–19:36

Ajapāda (अजपाद)

"Unborn Foot"/"Goat Foot"

Unknown

Inauspicious

18

19:36–20:24

Ahir-Budhnya (अहिर्बुध्न्य)

"Serpent at the Bottom"

Hydra

Auspicious

19

20:24–21:12

Puṣya (पुष्य)

"Nourishment"/"Blossom"

Unknown

Auspicious

20

21:12–22:00

Aśvinī (अश्विनी)

"Horsemen"

Unknown

Auspicious

21

22:00–22:48

Yama (यम)

"Restrainer" (Death)

Boötes (cf., Bhūteśa)

Inauspicious

22

22:48–23:36

Agni (अग्नि)

"Fire"/"Ignition"

Ara

Auspicious

23

23:36–00:24

Vidhātṛ (विधातृ)

"Distributor"

Unknown

Auspicious

24

00:24–01:12

Kaṇḍa (क्ण्ड)

"Ornament"

Corona Borealis

Auspicious

25

01:12–02:00

Aditi (अदिति)

"Limitless"/"Boundless"

goddess good time

Auspicious

26

02:00–02:48

Jīva/Amṛta (जीव/अमृत)

"Life"/"Immortal"

Unknown

Very Auspicious

27

02:48–03:36

Viṣṇu (विष्णु)

"All Pervading"

Hercules

Auspicious

28

03:36–04:24

Dyumadgadyuti (द्युमद्गद्युति)

"Resounding Light"

Lyra

Auspicious

29

04:24–05:12

Brahma (ब्रह्म)

"Universe"

Cygnus

Very Auspicious

30

05:12–06:00

Samudra (समुद्र)

"Ocean"

Deluge (region with several aqueous constellations)

Auspicious

 


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